© COPYRIGHT 2013. DR. IVAN KRAJINA

  • LinkedIn profil




Cosmetic and restoration dental medicineImplantologyOrthodontics

More information coming soon!

Glossary

1. Implant. The screw implant is made ​​of highly crystalline and phosphorus-enriched titanium oxide and its purpose is to replace the root of the tooth. Titanium oxide is a biologically inert material, which means that the organism does not recognize it as a foreign body and does not reject it.

2. Abutment. The abutment is the binding element that allows the connection of the implant crown, bridge or denture. The material from which the superstructure is made of is zirconium ceramic or titanium oxide.

3. Crown. The ​​prosthetic dental crown is the part of the tooth that is visible in the mouth. The crown can be temporary or permanent. Temporary crowns are made in a dental office or laboratory from acrylic and permanent crowns are made in dental laboratories from either metallic or non-metallic ceramics.

4. Bridge. The prosthetic work that bridges the toothless space. It can be made of various materials .

5. Osteointegration. The process of direct structural and functional binding of the bone and implant that usually takes two to three months.

6. Augmentation. In cases where the bone volume is insufficient, augmentation provides a sufficient volume of bone for implant placement. After a period of healing the implant is embedded which provides the abutment and supports the associated prosthetics. 

Examples
Example 1.
Example 2.

Chronologically speaking, implantology is the latest branch of dental medicine which focusses on the supply of toothless space with jaw implants and associated prosthetics. Prosthesis superstructure consists of abutment and crowns, bridges or dentures. For implants there are two possible types of prosthetic superstructures: the ones that are screwed together and the ones that are cemented. Depending on the primary stability of the implant load can be immediate or delayed.

Replacing the tooth root with implant is performed if it is decided that a root-canal procedure  is not possible. The implant is usually immediately supplied with a temporary crown or, in the absence of sufficient bone volume, bone augmentation is implemented. Permanent prosthetic solutions are provided after the implant osteointegration.

Implant and crown placement within one hour of each other requires scanning of the jaws (3D computed tomography) and virtual planning of the implant position with the help of a specialised computer program. If bone volume is sufficient (evidenced from CT scans) a template is ordered from the Procera factory in Sweden that allows the installation of the implants. The surgical procedure is minimally invasive that requires no incisions or suturing and after surgery pain is managed by ordinary pain killing tablets. From this same template a plaster model is cast in the dental laboratory from which the teeth are made so that the patient receives the implants and teeth within one hour .

The process from implant placement to providing permanent prosthetic solutions would, until recent years, usually take three to six months. This period was necessary for proper osteointegration of the implants. Advances in implant surface technology mean that today in many cases immediate loading can take place without this waiting period. In the area where the tooth implant is installed and depending on the structure of the bone a temporary or permanent crown can be installed.

Glossary

1. Implant. The screw implant is made ​​of highly crystalline and phosphorus-enriched titanium oxide and its purpose is to replace the root of the tooth. Titanium oxide is a biologically inert material, which means that the organism does not recognize it as a foreign body and does not reject it.

2. Abutment. The abutment is the binding element that allows the connection of the implant crown, bridge or denture. The material from which the superstructure is made of is zirconium ceramic or titanium oxide.

3. Crown. The ​​prosthetic dental crown is the part of the tooth that is visible in the mouth. The crown can be temporary or permanent. Temporary crowns are made in a dental office or laboratory from acrylic and permanent crowns are made in dental laboratories from either metallic or non-metallic ceramics.

4. Bridge. The prosthetic work that bridges the toothless space. It can be made of various materials .

5. Osteointegration. The process of direct structural and functional binding of the bone and implant that usually takes two to three months.

6. Augmentation. In cases where the bone volume is insufficient, augmentation provides a sufficient volume of bone for implant placement. After a period of healing the implant is embedded which provides the abutment and supports the associated prosthetics. 

Examples
Example 1.

Example 2.

Example 3.

Example 4.

More information coming soon!

Glossary

1. Implant. The screw implant is made ​​of highly crystalline and phosphorus-enriched titanium oxide and its purpose is to replace the root of the tooth. Titanium oxide is a biologically inert material, which means that the organism does not recognize it as a foreign body and does not reject it.

2. Abutment. The abutment is the binding element that allows the connection of the implant crown, bridge or denture. The material from which the superstructure is made of is zirconium ceramic or titanium oxide.

3. Crown. The ​​prosthetic dental crown is the part of the tooth that is visible in the mouth. The crown can be temporary or permanent. Temporary crowns are made in a dental office or laboratory from acrylic and permanent crowns are made in dental laboratories from either metallic or non-metallic ceramics.

4. Bridge. The prosthetic work that bridges the toothless space. It can be made of various materials.

5. Osteointegration. The process of direct structural and functional binding of the bone and implant that usually takes two to three months.

6. Augmentation. In cases where the bone volume is insufficient, augmentation provides a sufficient volume of bone for implant placement. After a period of healing the implant is embedded which provides the abutment and supports the associated prosthetics.

Examples

Example 1.